3. En kafejo


Adverbs may be formed by adding the ending -e.

  • bele – beautifully
  • forte – strongly
  • rapida aŭto – a fast car
    • veturi rapide – to travel fast

The prepositions per and kun

Per - with (by means of, making use of)

  • Manĝi per kulero – To eat with a spoon
  • Ŝi kantis per tre bela voĉo. – She sang with (in) a very beautiful voice.

Kun - with (together with)

  • Mi iris kun la amiko. – I went with the friend.
  • Mi parolos kun li. – I will talk to him.

The Preposition post

post – after (referring to time)

  • Li venis post mi. – He came after me (after I did).
  • post du horoj – in two hours' time
  • Li venos post tri horoj. – He will come in three hours.
  • poste – afterwards, later on

The Preposition Malantaŭ

malantaŭ - behind

  • Li venis malantaŭ mi. – He came behind me (walking / driving along behind).

Be careful to stress this word correctly: malantaŭ.

The suffix -ul

Person characterized by some quality:

  • grandulo – a large person
  • malbonulo – a bad person
  • belulino – a beautiful woman, a beauty

The suffix -ej

forms the word for a place where something regularly happens:

  • lernejo – school (place for learning)
  • kuirejo – kitchen (place for cooking: kuiri – to cook)
  • laborejo – workplace

The suffix -ebl

denotes possibility, and corresponds to English "-able", "-ible":

  • manĝebla – edible
  • videbla – visible
  • kompreneble – understandably (naturally, of course)
  • eble – perhaps, maybe
  • malebla – impossible

The Imperative

The verb ending for a command is -u.

  • Manĝu! – Eat! Eat up!
  • Iru! – Go! Go on!

This form can also be expressed with a subject:

  • Li lernu! – Let him learn!
  • Ni vidu. – Let's see.